Chart of Matthew's Genealogy of Jesus Christ (Mt 1:1-17)

Matthew manipulates the names of Abraham's descendants into 3 sets of 14 individual male descendants to create 42 names of the descendants of Abraham. He manipulates the names to bring attention to the link between God's covenant promises to Abraham and David.  David's name is # 14 in the list and the gematria (letter/number equivalent) of his name is number 14.  The number 42 also has significance.  42 divided by 12, the number of Israel, yields 3 , a prophetic number in both Daniel chapter 12 and in Revelation 11:11.  The number 42 is a prophetic number in Revelation 11:2 and 13:5.

Set #1

  1. Abraham fathered     Isaac  
  2. Isaac fathered     Jacob  
  3. Jacob fathered     Judah  
  4. Judah fathered     Perez  
      additional names of Zerah and Tamar (woman #1)
  5. Perez fathered     Hezron  
  6. Hezron fathered     Ram  
  7. Ram fathered     Amminadab  
  8. Amminadab fathered     Nahshon  
  9. Nahshon fathered     Salmon  
  10. Salmon fathered     Boaz  
      Rahab (woman #2)
  11. Boaz fathered     Obed  
      Ruth (woman #3)
  12. Obed fathered     Jesse  
  13. Jesse fathered    
  14. David      

There are 14 generations
         There are 27 total male names (repeats and counting Zerah's name)
         There are   3 names of gentile women
Total names:    30 names (note: it was necessary to add Zerah's name to make 30 names)

Set #2

      David fathered     Solomon Uriah's wife
(note: David's name is repeated)
  1. Solomon fathered     Rehoboam  
  2. Rehoboam fathered     Abijah  
  3. Abijah fathered     Asa  
  4. Asa fathered     Jehoshaphat  
  5. Jehoshaphat fathered     Joram  
  6. Joram fathered     Uzziah (3 missing kings)
  7. Uzziah fathered     Jotham  
  8. Jotham fathered     Ahaz  
  9. Ahaz fathered     Hezekiah  
  10. Hezekiah fathered     Manasseh  
  11. Manasseh fathered     Amon  
  12. Amon fathered     Josiah  
  13. Josiah fathered     [see #14]  
  14.Jechoniah     [deportation of Judah to Babylon]

            There are 14 generations (no repeats)
            There are 29 names of males total if you include Uriah
            There is      1 female mentioned but not counted because unnamed (the wife of Uriah- 4th gentile woman. 4 is the number of the earth)

Set #3 (after the deportation to Babylon; notice no restoration is mentioned)

1.Jechoniah fathered Shealtiel  
2.Shealtiel fathered Zerubbabel  
3. Zerubbabel fathered Abiud  
4. Abiud fathered Eliakim  
5. Eliakim fathered Azor  
6. Azor fathered Zadok  
7. Zadok fathered Achim  
8. Achim fathered Eliud  
9. Eliud fathered Eleazar  
10. Eleazar fathered Matthan  
11. Matthan fathered Jacob  
12. Jacob fathered Joseph  
13. Joseph husband of Mary (the 5th woman) mother of
14. Jesus the Christ     (bringing true restoration to Israel)

Matthew manipulates the list by counting Jechoniah twice in order to get 14 generations in the final set.  Jesus' name is the 14th generation, but if you count all the names without repeats, Mary's name is the 14th name with Jesus name coming after 6 sets of 7 as the 7th 7.   In Scripture, 7 is the number of fullness and perfection. There are 27 names total in this set. The total of all the names given in each set is 86.  In Scripture, 8 is the number of salvation; 80 is the number of salvation times divine order (10), and 6 is the number of man.  Matthew's message is that Jesus is the Messiah, the son of David and the King of Kings who has come to bring salvation to Israel and to mankind.

Michal Hunt Copyright © Agape Bible Study. Permissions All Rights Reserved.

Recommended Reading:

  1. The Handbook of Biblical Chronology, Jack Finegan; Hendrickson Publishers
  2. Numbers in Scripture: Its Supernatural Design and Spiritual Significance, E.W. Bullinger; Kregel Publications.
  3. The Stromata, Clement of Alexandria; Ante-Nicene Fathers: Volume 2; Hendrickson Publishers.