|Israel's Liturgical and Civil Calendar Year|
|Month||Liturgical year order||Civil year order||Modern equivalent||Feast days & agricultural season (+ = God ordained feast; * = national feasts)|
+Unleavened Bread 15-21st
(sacred assembly on 15th and 21st),
+Firstfruits on Sunday of Unleavened Bread holy week.
Spring equinox 15th. The "Latter rains"& flood season, beginning of barley and flax harvest
|Ziv (Iyyar)||2||8||April/May||Dry season, apricots ripen|
|Sivan||3||9||May/June||+Weeks (Pentecost) 7 weeks or 50 days from Firstfruits as ancients counted; wheat harvest, dry winds, early fig harvest, grapes ripen|
|Tammuz||4||10||June/July||Hot, dry season: grape harvest|
|Ab||5||11||July/Aug.||Hot, olive harvest|
|Elul||6||12||Aug./Sept.||Dates and summer figs|
+Trumpets = 1st,
+Day of Atonement =10th
+Booths (Tabernacles) = 15-21st & 22nd sacred assembly;
Fall equinox 15th;
"Former (early) rains," plowing & seed time
|8||2||Oct./Nov.||Rains, winter figs, wheat and barley sown|
|Chislev||9||3||Nov./Dec.||*Hanukkah (feast of dedication); winter begins|
|Tebeth||10||4||Dec./Jan.||Coldest month, rains and snow in mountains|
|Sebat||11||5||Jan./Feb.||Growing warmer, almond trees in bloom|
|Adar||12||6||Feb./March||*Purim; spring: "Latter rains" begin, citrus fruit harvest|
+ Seven annual feasts are
God ordained feasts (
Ex 12:1-28; 43-51; 13:1-10;
*Hanukkah and Purim are national feasts proclaimed by the people and are not God ordained (1 Mac 4:36-61; 2 Mac 10:1-8; Esther 9:20-32).
The Feasts of Unleavened Bread and Tabernacles fell respectively on the spring and fall equinoxes.
The ancients counted without the concept of a 0-place value: i.e. Jesus in the tomb 3 days from Friday to Sunday.
|Michal Hunt, Copyright © 2009 Agape Bible Study. Permissions All Rights Reserved.|