Agape Bible Study
Israel's Liturgical and Civil Calendar Year
Month Liturgical year order Civil year order Modern equivalent Feast days & agricultural season (+ = God ordained feast; * = national feasts)
Abib (Nisan) 1 7 March/April +Passover 14th,
+Unleavened Bread 15-21st
(sacred assembly on 15th and 21st),
+Firstfruits on Sunday of Unleavened Bread holy week.
Spring equinox 15th. The "Latter rains"& flood season, beginning of barley and flax harvest
Ziv (Iyyar) 2 8 April/May Dry season, apricots ripen
Sivan 3 9 May/June +Weeks (Pentecost) 7 weeks or 50 days from Firstfruits as ancients counted; wheat harvest, dry winds, early fig harvest, grapes ripen
Tammuz 4 10 June/July Hot, dry season: grape harvest
Ab 5 11 July/Aug. Hot, olive harvest
Elul 6 12 Aug./Sept. Dates and summer figs
7 1 Sept./Oct. +Trumpets = 1st,
+Day of Atonement =10th
+Booths (Tabernacles)  = 15-21st & 22nd sacred assembly;
Fall equinox 15th;
"Former (early) rains,"  plowing & seed time
8 2 Oct./Nov. Rains, winter figs, wheat and barley sown
Chislev 9 3 Nov./Dec. *Hanukkah (feast of dedication); winter begins
Tebeth 10 4 Dec./Jan. Coldest month, rains and snow in mountains
Sebat 11 5 Jan./Feb. Growing warmer, almond trees in bloom
Adar 12 6 Feb./March *Purim; spring: "Latter rains" begin, citrus fruit harvest
+ Seven annual feasts are God ordained feasts ( Ex 12:1-28; 43-51; 13:1-10; Lev 23:5-44; Num 28:16-39);
*Hanukkah and Purim are national feasts proclaimed by the people and are not God ordained (1 Mac 4:36-61; 2 Mac 10:1-8; Esther 9:20-32).
The Feasts of Unleavened Bread and Tabernacles fell respectively on the spring and fall equinoxes.
The ancients counted without the concept of a 0-place value: i.e. Jesus in the tomb 3 days from Friday to Sunday.
Michal Hunt, Copyright © 2009 Agape Bible Study. Permissions All Rights Reserved.